Obesity is a major epidemic. The World Health Organization reports that in 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults around the globe were overweight. This is an enormous number that accounts for almost 40 per cent of the global adult population. And yet, it gets worse. 41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight in 2014.
While these numbers are mind-blowing as a lump sum, it is important to recognize not all obesity is the same. And therefore, not all obesity should be treated the same way. According to the National Health Service in the UK, a study by the University of Sheffield and the Harvard School of Public Health found there are six different types of obese individuals. They are young, healthy women; heavy-drinking men; unhappy or anxious middle-aged men and women; affluent and healthy elderly persons; physically sick but happy elderly people; and the poorest people, who are both deprived of financial security and health care.
Knowing your own obesity type can make a world of a difference in how a person approaches weight loss and health optimization. For example, an anxious middle-aged woman likely has different issues perpetuating her obesity than does a heavy-drinking man. Their solutions will also be drastically different. They both however, involve exercise.
According to Positive Med, obesity can be further narrowed into areas of fat distribution. Like the Yorkshire categories, the four areas of fat distribution offer clues for how to best rid of the fat.
Upper-body obesity is a sign of over-consumption and requires both a healthy diet and exercise to reduce. According to a 2008 Mayo Clinic study, upper-body obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and hypertension, among other diseases. This is why it is so important a person suffering from upper-body obesity get serious about his weight today.
A swollen stomach is likely the result of excessive alcohol consumption. In this case, it is necessary an individual significantly reduce his drinking, if not eliminate it completely, in addition to healthy diet and exercise.
Fat in the lower abdomen is a common sign of depression and anxiety and is best treated through both exercise and stress-relief techniques.
A large protruding stomach and upper back fat is the result of a sedentary lifestyle. It is possible a person with this type of fat distribution will see the fat practically melt off once he or she takes up a regular exercise program. However, this body type must be wary of keeping blood sugar levels stable and is best served with a diet of several small snacks throughout the day, as opposed to three large meals.
For all four types of upper-body or "android" obesity, ACE Fitness recommends 30 to 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise five days per week. Such activities include jogging, cycling, hiking, and swimming. Such an exercise routine will help reduce fat in the waist and stomach. It is also useful to practice full circuit resistance training and exercises intended to strengthen the core. The goal of these exercises is to strengthen back muscles to better support the back and correct posture.
Lower-body obesity is more common among women than it is men. To combat the accumulation of fat in the lower-body, women should perform resistance training and cardiovascular exercise.
Lower-body obesity with fat in the lower legs is most often seen in pregnant women. To combat this type of fat buildup, it is best an expecting mother consult her doctor.
Body fat distribution in the lower half of the body is referred to as "gynoid" or a pear body shape. Exercises that target fat in the thighs, hips, and buttocks include high-intensity interval training and total-body resistance training. ACE Fitness says these exercises burn calories, reduce lower-body fat, and improve cardiovascular strength.
People suffering from obesity should feel empowered by such studies as these, which offer solutions based on an individual's unique body shape as opposed to overall weight or body mass index. Knowing which type of exercise will be most effective can be just what a person needs to feel motivated. No matter where fat is distributed on your body, it is important you exercise in order to reduce it. Your health depends on it.
Be sure to consult your physician. Any home remedies or major changes to your diet should be done under the guidance of a medical professional.
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