A look inside celiac disease: causes, symptoms, treatment

Celiac disease has become more known over the past few years as people have adopted craze "gluten free diets". But there is a percentage of the population that is severely affected by a gluten sensitivity.
Gluten is found in wheat, barley and rye - according to the Mayo Clinic. And this disease is actually an immune reaction to gluten - causing serious intestinal damage, weight loss, malnourishment, and stomach issues. There is no cure for celiacs disease, but people who have it can manage their symptoms by sticking to a diet that excludes gluten. 
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Causes
WebMD explains that since celiacs is an immune disease it has to do with how the immune system reacts to the gluten. When someone has celiacs, the immune system forms antibodies to gluten which then attacks the essential lining of the intestine. This causes inflammation and damages the lining of the intestine - causing the person to not be able to absorb the proper nutrients they need.
Symptoms
This attack from the immune system the following symptoms:
according to WebMD
- Digestive problems like abdominal bloating, pain, gas, diarrhea, pale stools, and weight loss.
- A severe skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis
- Iron deficiency 
- Musculoskeletal problems like muscle cramps, joint and bone pain
- Growth problems and failure to thrive for children
- Seizures 
- Tingling sensation in the legs 
- Mouth sores
- Missed menstrual periods
Celiacs can also lead to other medical conditions like:
- Osteoporosis, because the person has trouble absorbing enough calcium and vitamin D.
- Miscarriage or infertility
- Birth defects
- Seizures
- Growth problems in children because they don't absorb enough nutrients.
- Cancer of the intestine, although this is very rare
People who have celiac disease may have other autoimmune diseases, including:
- Thyroid disease
- Type 1 diabetes
- Lupus
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sjögren's syndrome, which is a disorder that causes insufficient moisture production by the glands.
Treatment
In order to reduce inflammation so your intestine can start working properly again, the Mayo Clinic says it's important to take the following out of your diet:
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- Barley
- Bulgur
- Durum
- Farina
- Graham flour
- Malt
- Rye
- Semolina 

- Spelt (a form of wheat)
- Triticale

You can't self diagnose celiacs disease, so it's important to talk to your doctor about your symptoms so they can help you figure out what the problem is. Once diagnosed, your doctor will talk to you about your new diet, and may even refer you to a dietitian to help with the new transition.  
Resources WebMD and Mayo Clinic
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